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دوشنبه 25 آذر 1398
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Tomb Of Hafez, Shiraz

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Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258)

Saffah was a great-grandson of Abbas, Prophet Mohammad’s uncle, so he called his dynasty Abbasid. The Abbasid dynasty was the most famous in the Islamic world. Abbasid caliphs were the generous patrons of Islamic culture and arts. But despite the outstanding progress achieved in the cultural field, the military problems of the empire and its administrative organization were left unsolved. Moreover, Iranians who gladly accepted Islam, which freed them from the dictates of the taboo-ridden and excessively ritualized Zoroastrian, could not bear innovators in their homeland.

 Numerous rebellions took the form of peasant revolts in Azarbayjan and Khorasan. Soon the first Iranian dynasties threatened the Abbasid Empire with dreams of Iranian independence. Purely Iranian states were formed in the main part of Iranian territory (Taherids in Khorasan with Neyshabur as the capital, Saffarids in Sistan, Samanid in wealthy Transoxanian and east Khorasanian Cities, Ziarids in Tabarestan, and Gorgans and Buyids all over Iran excluding the Samanid properties). The Buyids shared with the Samanids the fame for having brought to fruition the Iranian renaissance.

Refrence(s):

- Elton L. Daniel (2001). The History of Iran Greenwood Histories of the Modern. U.K. London. Greenwood Publishing Group.

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