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دوشنبه 18 آذر 1398
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IRAN
Azaan Timing

 

Events
Sight seeing of Iran

Tomb Of Hafez, Shiraz

Amir Chakhmaq Square, Yazd

Timurid and Turkman Rulers (1389-1508)

Tamerlane (Timur), who claimed descent from Genghiz Khans family, was the next ruler to achieve the status of emperor. He did not have the huge forces of earlier Mongol leaders, so his conquests were slower than those of Genghiz Khan or Hulegu Khan. Ironically, this ruthless warrior and appalling killer was a great patron of arts and initiated a true civilization with a center in Samarqand. Timur was famed for his great interest in unorthodox religious beliefs, among them Sufism, which developed considerably in his time.

Under Timur’s son, Shahrokh, and grandson Uluq Beg, the Iranian culture began to flourish. Their capital, Herat, was turned into the seat of splendid culture, the atelier of great miniature, painters, and the home for a revival of Persian sciences and Arts.

The Timurid Empire, however, disintegrated rapidly after Uluq Beg’s death. After the Timurid princes, Iran was dominated, particularly in its northern part, by the Qara Qoyunlu, the “Black Sheep” Turkman tribe. On Shahrokh’s death, their leader, Jahan Shah, extended his rule deep into Iran. Their rival was another Turkman tribe of Aq Qoyunlū, the “White Sheep”, who were concentrated around Diyarbakir in Turkey. The White Sheep, led by Uzun Hasan, destroyed Jahan Shah’s troops by the end of 1467. Uzun Hasan established a short-lived empire but was confronted by a new power in Asia Minor – the Ottoman Turks. Minor Mongol tribes, Uzbeks, and Turkman clans ruled over Iran until the rise of the Safavid dynasty.

 Refrence(s):

- Beheshti, Oksana (2003). Travel guide to Isfahan, Kashan and more. Iran. Tehran. Rozaneh publication. P. 21-33

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