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سه شنبه 19 آذر 1398
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IRAN
Azaan Timing

 

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Sight seeing of Iran

Tomb Of Hafez, Shiraz

Amir Chakhmaq Square, Yazd

Afsharid and Zand Dynasties (1736-1779)

After a disastrous but brief Afghan occupation, the country was united under the power of Tahmasp-qoli, a chief of the Afshar tribe. He expelled the Afghans in the name of surviving Safavid members, but soon dethroned them and was himself crowned as Nader Shah. He chose Mashhad as his capital. The Nader’s ultimate goal was to more territories and more money. He drove the Ottomans from Georgia and Armenia and the Russians from the Iranian coast on Caspian Sea, and restored Iranian sovereignty over Afghanistan. He also took his army on several campaigns into India, bringing back fabulous treasures. Among them were two of the world’s largest diamonds, the Mountain of Light (now part of the British Crown jewels) and the Sea of Light (now in the Jewelry Museum in Iran). His Indian expedition solved the problem of how to make his empire financially viable. However, his morbid obsession with treasure changed Nader’s brilliance and courage into meanness and capricious cruelty that could no longer be tolerated. He was murdered by a group of his own tribesmen, assisted by some Qajar chiefs.

Almost immediately after Nader’s murder, the country fell into anarchy. Afshar, Qajar, Afghan, and Zand chieftains struggled for supremacy, until finally Karim Khan Zand defeated his rivals and unified the country (except for Khorasan) under a loose form of central control. Karim Khan’s geniality and common sense inaugurated a period of peace and popular contentment. He refused to assume the title of shah and ruled as wakil al-raʿaya (Deputy of the Subjects). Shiraz was made the capital city under his rule.

 Refrence(s):

- Beheshti, Oksana (2003). Travel guide to Isfahan, Kashan and more. Iran. Tehran. Rozaneh publication. P. 21-33

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