فارسي
جمعه 22 آذر 1398
فارسي|Home|About Culture House|Language Classes|Contact Us|Archived News|Sitemap
IRAN
Azaan Timing

 

Events
Sight seeing of Iran

Tomb Of Hafez, Shiraz

Amir Chakhmaq Square, Yazd

Aryan Tribes in Iran (3000-1000 B.C.)

The beginning of the Iron Age in Iran is marked by major dislocations of cultural and historical patterns caused by the Aryans’ arrival. Most probably the Aryans came to Iran via routes around the Caspian Sea and through the Caucasian Mountains.

The Aryans started to migrate about 3000 B.C. and, in three major and successive movements, finally settled on the Iranian plateau around 1000 B.C. Cold, population, pressures, overgrazing in their home areas, and hostile neighbors may have prompted these migrations. The natives of the Iranian plateau enthusiastically greeted the newcomers, who brought with them the technologies that could help them to Survive.

Among the Aryan tribes in Iran, three major groups are identifiable - the Scythians, the Medes, and the Persians.

1. The Scythians established themselves in the northern Zagros Mountains and clung to a seminomadic existence in which raiding was the chief from the economic enterprise.

2. The Medes settled over a huge area, reaching as far as modem Tabriz in the north and Isfahan in the south.

3. The Persians settled in three areas:

3-1. to the south of Lake Orumiyeh (ارومیه)

3-2. on the northern border of the Elamite kingdom

3-3. in the environs of modem Shiraz, where they established their main settlements, to which they gave the name Parsa (or Persia, in Greek).

Gradually Iranian tribes, especially under the pressure of constant Assyrian attacks, started to reorganize themselves into kingdoms and then empires. The first-known Iranian empire was that of the Medes.

 

Refrence(s):

- Rahim Poor, Ali (2002). The Traveler’s guide to Iran. Iran. Tehran & Isfahan. Rasaneh Kaj & Naghshe Hasti. p. 34

- Beheshti, Oksana (2003). Travel guide to Isfahan, Kashan and more. Iran. Tehran. Rozaneh publication. P. 12-21

- Myths, Hypotheses and Facts. Available From:

http://www.imninalu.net/IndusValley.htm

Vote
Disable
Visitors` Statistics
 Visitors of page : 818
 Visitors of day : 41
 Visitors sum : 432933
 Online visitors : 2
 Page load : 4.8437