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دوشنبه 18 آذر 1398
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An Introduction of Persian Painting (Miniature)

The origins of Persian painting unquestionably predate the advent of Islamic civilization in Persia. From the 3rd century A.H. onwards with the emergence of local ruling dynasties and the growing influence of distinguished Persian figures at the Abbasid court, Persian cultural and artistic traditions, which had remained stagnant for several centuries, because pre-Islamic Persian art had been based on their ancient Persian wisdom.

Mongol hordes invaded and devastated Persia during the 7th and 8th century A.H. In the course of these invasions, wall paintings inside palaces were destroyed and thousands of manuscripts both illustrated and non-illustrated were burned to ashes when libraries across the country were put to flame.

However Miniature in Iran went through a long and complicated course of development, reaching its culmination mainly during the Mongol and Timurid periods. From a historical viewpoint, the most important development in Iranian Miniature has been the adoption of Chinese designs and coloring, subsequently blended with the idiosyncratic cultural concepts of Iranian artists.

The most important function of Miniatures was the illustration of manuscripts. Miniatures pictured the literary plot, making it more enjoyable and easier to understand. Iran's great wealth of inspiring literature caused the emergence of many schools of Miniature painting (between the 13th and 16th centuries), each school having its own unique style.

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