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جمعه 22 آذر 1398
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Iranian Armenian Churches

The primeval Armenian churches in Iran were built starting in the 4th-5th centries AD. They were based on a simple basilica plan or hypostyle basilica plan. In general, the basilica church included a long hall which stretched from east to west. The entrance to the church was on the western side, and an altar with flanking ambries was located on the eastern side. Gradually, these simple churches were extended on four sides by adding arcades and terraces along their outer walls. The hypostyle church differed from its plain predecessors only by three to seven pairs of pillars, dividing the salon into three areas, the one in the middle being the widest.

Often, this triple division was also obvious when the middle section was emphasized and had elevated roof. From the 6th century onward, Armenian architects altered some elements of the basilica plans and crowned the churches with a distinctive grooved dome. At first, this dome rested on four very sturdy piers in the middle of the church, but starting in the 7th century, the piers have been removed and the dome was based on the supporting walls. This enhanced the spaciousness of the hall and removed obstacles from the visitors’ views.

Since the 7th century, the churches have been based on a cross plan. However, sometimes they also had a square ground plan and were topped with round cupolas.

 Refrences

- Beheshti, Oksana (2003). Travel guide to Isfahan, Kashan and more. Iran. Tehran. Rozaneh publication.

 

 

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