فارسي
دوشنبه 25 آذر 1398
فارسي|Home|About Culture House|Language Classes|Contact Us|Archived News|Sitemap
IRAN
Azaan Timing

 

Events
Sight seeing of Iran

Tomb Of Hafez, Shiraz

Amir Chakhmaq Square, Yazd

The Art and Architecture of Seleucids

In 331 B.C. Alexander moved his troops to Persia and he defeated the Achaemanids monarchy. After his death in 323 B.C. Seleucious, one of the commanders, became the king of Persia and established the Seleucids Empire. This government that was highly influenced by Greek culture lasted for more than half a century.

The artwork of Greeks, and their philosophy, space management in architecture, the way they breathed movement and sense to each statue, the balance, proportion and their discipline transformed their art and gradually destroyed the pure Persian styles of the Achaemanids. 16 After Seleucids, only a few Persian artistic elements remained and Greek art replaced eastern art. This is why not many element of Achaemanids art can be seen, and few artworks related to the art of Persia remained in its place.

Looking at the ruins in Nur-Abad we realize that those buildings imitated Pasargod and Naghsh-e-Rostam. The ruins of Estakhr show samples of a Corinthian columns) one of the three main methods of forming column in Greek architecture) and in Kangavar (a city near Kermanshah) a type of capitals known for Dorici, another type of Greek capitals can be seen. Furthermore, during the Seleucid era; the Greek style was applied in creating bronze promotes capitals, vessels, and statues. In Karkheh, ruins that used the style and method of Greek, by their way of creating columns and minor changes in scale, can be observed. In a Persian temple near Mal-e Amir called Shemy a beautiful bronze statue that has unfortunately lost its body and in Shoosh (Susa), pieces of a marble statue of a woman and a couple of other statues that were made according to Greek style can be seen. Moreover, In Kermanshah, statues of mythical creatures and the bust of other statues can also be observed. It should also be mentioned that Greek language and culture was widely spread throughout Persian.

Refrences

- Shayestehfar. Mahnaz. (2007). an Introduction to Persian Islamic Art. Iran. Institute of Islamic Art Studies. P. 11

 

Vote
Disable
Visitors` Statistics
 Visitors of page : 573
 Visitors of day : 46
 Visitors sum : 433115
 Online visitors : 1
 Page load : 5.3125