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دوشنبه 18 آذر 1398
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The Art and Architecture of Parthian

From 250 B.C. Parthian, lived on steppes located between the Caspian Sea and Aral Lake; with a nomadic life style, they became more powerful and took over a few Persian states in northern and eastern Persia. Later they headed towards the Selucids. Finally after pushing Selucids back to Mesopotamia and Syria they eventually invaded all parts of Persia, and succeeded to start the Parthian Empire in 160 B.C. ruled by Mehrdad. From what is found from Parthian' era it seems they have tried to demolish the Greek influence in Persia and to revive the pure Achaemanids art style. It was during the first century that Parthian' art with its own clear nationalistic elements took shape. All the Parthian' carvings show the human body with a very rough image and no soul, with a long Persian robe, decorated with big jewels and small plates. Sometimes the Figures wore masks on stone works that had been built in alternated spaces. Unlike before, all the human statues are from the front view and it seems they are staring at the audiences. These feautures raised first in Mesopotamia, and later was transferred to Sassanid’s art by Parthian and from there to Byzantine art. Although the ruins of the embossed work left n Tang-e Sorvok and Bisotun show the decline of this art, but at same time It shows they were not Greek followers. In Shamy's Temple, objects made in Greek style such as big bronze statute without a hand.

 Jewels and radiant stones became fashionable in those days. Parthian applied cylindrical vaults, arches, quarrel bonds, embossed decorations, and built-in-pillars as their architectural elements. In building houses, they invented terraces and porches wich passed on to later periods in Persia. Parthian art had the role of connectivity, which found its way to Sassanids and Byzantine art.

 Refrence(s):

I Shayestehfar. Mahnaz. (2007). an Introduction to Persian Islamic Art. Iran. Institute of Islamic Art Studies. P. 15

 

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