فارسي
سه شنبه 19 آذر 1398
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Sight seeing of Iran

Tomb Of Hafez, Shiraz

Amir Chakhmaq Square, Yazd

Literature & Poetry

Literature: The greatest charm of Persian poetry in its language and its music. That is, it does not lend itself well to translation. Persian literature has a number of noteworthy characteristics, the most striking of which is the exceptional prominence of poetry. Until quite recently, prose works were confined mostly to sciences and poetry formed the chief outlet for artistic expression. Classical Persian literature was produced almost entirely under royal patronage hence the frequency of panegyric verse. An influence of at least equal strength was religion, in particular Sufism which inspired the remarkably high proportion of mystical poetry.

Poetry: Classical Persian poetry is always rhymed. The principal verse forms are the “qasida“,“mathnavi“,“ghazal“ and “rubai“. The qasida, is a long poem in mono rhyme, usually of a panegyric, didactic, or religious nature. The mathnavi, written in rhyming couplets, is used for heroic, romantic, or narrative verse. The ghazal or lyrics is usually amorous or mystical and varies from for to sixteen couplets, all with the same rhyme scheme. The rubai is a quatrain with a particular meter.

 Refrence(s):

- Beheshti, Oksana (2003). Travel guide to Isfahan, Kashan and more. Iran. Tehran. Rozaneh publication

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