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جمعه 22 آذر 1398
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Tomb Of Hafez, Shiraz

Amir Chakhmaq Square, Yazd

Shaikh Bahai

Baha-al-Din Ameli, known as Shaikh Bahai, was born into a Shia family in Lebanon. He came to Iran at the age of 13. He studied first in Qazvin and then in Herat, and finally settled in Isfahan. Shaikh Bahai was man with an encyclopedic knowledge of sciences as diverse as horticulture and alchemy. He was also one of the few Sufis that were allowed to play a public role under Shah Abbas the Great. In addition to numerous scientific achievements, Shaikh Bahai also wrote legal textbooks and mystical epic poetry. He is particularly famed for playing a major role in the design of the Royal Mosque (pp96-101) which houses his sundial; for the layout of the Safavid royal gardens; for composing verses of the Shaikh Lotfollah Mosque (pplO2-1O4); and for building the bathhouse that was allegedly heated by a single candle (this bathhouse still survives in Isfahan but its heating system does not work). He is also responsible for planning the system of water distribution in Isfahan and Ardestan.

 Refrence(s):

- Beheshti, Oksana (2003). Travel guide to Isfahan, Kashan and more. Iran. Tehran. Rozaneh publication

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