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شنبه 16 آذر 1398
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Amir Kabir

Mirza Taqi Farahani, commonly known as Amir Kabir (the Great Prince), is one of the greatest Iranian politicians in the last two centuries. He was born in 1807 in Farahan, Iran. At an early age, Mirza Taqi learned to read and write despite his humble origin. He joined the provincial bureaucracy as a scribe and, because of his abilities, rapidly advanced within the hierarchy of the administration. In 1847, Mirza Taqi was appointed by Mohammad Shah Qajar to the court of the crown prince, Naser-al-Din, in Azarbayjan.

With the death of Mohammad Shah in 1848, Mirz Taqi was largely responsible for ensuring the crown prince’s succession to the throne. Out of gratitude, the young monarch appointed him Prime Minister and gave him the hand of his own sister in marriage. At this time, Mirza Taqi took the title of Amir Kabir. During the first two and a half years of his premiership, Amir initiated important reforms that marked the effective beginning of the modernization of Iran. These reforms, however, stirred up the resentment of the corrupted court elite, which formed a coalition against Amir Kabir, in which the queen mother was active. She convinced the young Shah that Amir wanted to usurp the throne. In October 1851, the Shah dismissed Amir Kabir and exiled him to Kashan, where he was murdered at the Shah’s order in 1852.

 Refrence(s):

- Beheshti, Oksana (2003). Travel guide to Isfahan, Kashan and more. Iran. Tehran. Rozaneh publication.

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