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Kashan (کاشان)

Kashan is located in the north of the province of Isfahan in west centeral Iran. It is 258 kilometers south of the capital of Iran, Tehran. Located to its east is the township of Ardestan and to its south are the townships of Natanz and Isfahan. It sits on the high Iranian Plateau that makes up the majority of inner Iran.

To its east is the Dasht-e Kavir, one of the several great deserts of the country which is also one of the driest areas of Iran. The Zagros Mountains stretch to the west. Thus, Kashan is situated between natural barriers, the mountains and the desert. The climate of Kashan is dry. The farmers of the region depend heavily on the use of irrigation. The mulberry tree, which is used for silk production, grows widely in Kashan. The city has long been known throughout the world for its silk and its production of carpets and silk textiles.

The region thrived in the Sassanid and Safavid periods. In the intervening periods Kashan was less prominent and was damaged heavily during the Saljuq and Mongol eras. The town and its nearby villages were laid to waste by major earthquakes occurring in the 19th century. Social and political turmoil also negatively impacted the economics of the city. More recently, things have been quieter and the city has prospered.

Kashan, as a 21st century city, possesses a number of historical and architecturally interesting sites. In general, it is considered one of the more attractive cities of Iran.

 Refrence(s):

Lorentz, H. John. 2007. Historical Dictionary of Iran: Kashan. Lanham, Maryland, Toronto, Plymouth, UK. The Scarecrow Press, Inc. Second Edition. Pp. 158-159

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